What Is Wisdom?
Citation (APA): Plews-Ogan, M. (2014). What Is Wisdom? [Kindle Android version]. Retrieved from Amazon.com
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What Is Wisdom? By Margaret Plews-Ogan
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We are not provided with wisdom, we must discover it for ourselves, after a journey through the wilderness which no one else can take for us, and effort which no one can spare us.- Marcel Proust
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one of the characteristics of wise persons is humility, so a wise person is unlikely to say that they are wise. Often, then, we identify these people by having other people nominate them, and it is interesting who gets on those lists. It can range from the Dalai Lama to Abraham Lincoln to Oprah Winfrey.
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NOMINATI DA ALTRI
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Wisdom is different from intelligence. Intelligence seeks knowledge and seeks to eliminate ambiguity. Wisdom on the other hand, resists automatic thinking, seeks to understand ambiguity better, to grasp the deeper meaning of what is known and to understand the limits of knowledge. (Sternberg ).
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INTELLIGENZA SAGGEZZA AMBIGUITÀ
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Monika Ardelt is a modern wisdom researcher  who has put all of these into a 3 dimensional model of wisdom: cognitive, reflective and affective.  The cognitive dimension includes the desire to deeply know and understand things, including the limits of our knowing. The reflective dimension represents the capacity for self-reflection, and the capacity to see things from many perspectives. The affective dimension of wisdom is empathy and compassion.
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LIMITI. EMPATIA. PENSIERO RIFLESSIVO
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Does Adversity Make Us Wise?
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When researcher Judith Glück and colleagues  asked subjects to describe a situation in which they acted wisely, compared to a peak experience, they found that the wisdom situations more often involved difficult or negative events, implying that wisdom perhaps develops through the experience of adversity.
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Psychologists Tedeschi and Calhoun  have been studying this positive response to trauma for the past ten years, a phenomenon they call post-traumatic growth.
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POST TRAUMATIC GROWTH
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Tedeschi and Calhoun suggest that trauma induces a disruption in our understanding of ourselves and the world (our schema) and that disruption forces us to re-work our understanding of ourselves and the world,
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Wisdom and Courageous Choices
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Here’s a summary of what they told us. Having a community, someone they could talk to, to tell their story, was important . Cultivating gratitude and positive emotion, quiet reflection (whether meditation, mindfulness, prayer) was helpful.
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All of the exemplars had at one point made a choice, a conscious, deliberate choice  to pursue something that was hard.
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At some point they made a courageous choice to make a difference in their own lives.
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Researcher John Meachum talks about a wisdom atmosphere  as being one in which doubts, uncertainties and questions can be openly expressed, and ambiguities and contradictions can be tolerated, so that individuals are not forced to adopt the defensive position of what he calls “too confident knowing”.
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CONTRADDIZIONI E AMBIVUITÀ TOLLERATE. NN OSTRETTI ALL ARROGANZA
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When we accept the complexity and ambiguous nature of things, and refuse to accept a simplified black and white explanation,
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BIANCO E NERO
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how to “teach” emotional awareness, emotional regulation, relational skills and mindful awareness to our children in schools,
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We are beginning to embrace the importance of compassion and wisdom in ways we have not seen before. I just returned from a conference at Virginia Tech (http:// www.cpe.vt.edu/ cpts/ ) that was all about bringing contemplative practice into our highly technologic world. It was a fascinating and energizing two days.
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