venerdì 25 novembre 2016

An American Experiment in AnarchoCapitalism - The Not So Wild, Wild West Terry L. Anderson and P. J. Hil

An American Experiment in AnarchoCapitalism- The Not So Wild, Wild West
Terry L. Anderson and P. J. Hill
Citation (APA): Hill, T. L. Anderson and P. J. (2014). An American Experiment in AnarchoCapitalism_ The -Not So Wild, Wild West_ [Kindle Android version]. Retrieved from

Parte introduttiva
Segnalibro - Posizione 2
Nota - Posizione 2
fornitura di legge. qual è la soluzione ottima? 1 privati. obiezione: essendo la legge un bene pubblico verrebbe sottoprodotto. 2 stato. obiezione: essendo uno scambio coercitivo l esito sarebbe distorto conclusione: si valuti pragmaticamente. in alcuni casi l ordine spontaneo porta alla legge dei cla altre volte - come nel west - alla tutela della proprietà. se si va alla radice l elemento decisivo potrebbe essere la razza... la storia delle anarchie presso i popoli mefiterranei è ben diversa che presso i popoli anglosassoni *** la guerra è costosa meglio arbitrati e tribunali stato minimo vs anarcocapitalismo teoria dei beni pubblici: scarsa base fattuale
Evidenzia (giallo) - Posizione 2
An American Experiment in Anarcho- Capitalism: The -Not So Wild, Wild West* by Terry L. Anderson and P. J. Hill
Evidenzia (giallo) - Posizione 4
literature has experi- enced an upsurge in the interest in anarchy and its implications for social organization. The work of Rawls and Nozick, two volumes edited by Gordon Tullock, Explorations in the Theory of Anarchy, and a book by David Friedman, The Machinery of Freedom, provide examples.
Nota - Posizione 6
Evidenzia (giallo) - Posizione 7
presenting a formula for the operation of society in a state of anarchy.
Evidenzia (giallo) - Posizione 8
The purpose of this paper is to take us from the theoretical world of anarchy to a case study
Evidenzia (giallo) - Posizione 13
government as a legitimate agency of coercion was absent for a long enough period
Evidenzia (giallo) - Posizione 15
period from 1830 to 1900
Evidenzia (giallo) - Posizione 17
The West during this time often is perceived as a place of great chaos,
Evidenzia (giallo) - Posizione 18
little respect for property or life.
Evidenzia (giallo) - Posizione 18
this was not the case; property rights were protected and civil order prevailed.
Nota - Posizione 19
Evidenzia (giallo) - Posizione 19
Private agencies
Nota - Posizione 19
Evidenzia (giallo) - Posizione 20
they did not have a legal monopoly on "keeping order."
Evidenzia (giallo) - Posizione 20
They soon discovered that "warfare" was a costly way of resolving disputes
Evidenzia (giallo) - Posizione 21
lower cost methods of settlement (arbitration, courts, etc.) resulted.
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Anarchy: Order or Chaos?
Nota - Posizione 22
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dictionary definition
Nota - Posizione 23
Evidenzia (giallo) - Posizione 23
no government,"
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the third definition, "confusion or chaos
Nota - Posizione 23
Evidenzia (giallo) - Posizione 24
it is a necessary result
Evidenzia (giallo) - Posizione 26
the last "pubiic goods" to be dealt with probably being programs designed to define and enforce property rights.
Nota - Posizione 27
Evidenzia (giallo) - Posizione 28
"social contractarian"
Nota - Posizione 39
Evidenzia (giallo) - Posizione 39
Evidenzia (giallo) - Posizione 40
functions of government can he replaced by individuals
Evidenzia (giallo) - Posizione 41
all transactions would be voluntary
Evidenzia (giallo) - Posizione 42
how can law and order, which do require some coercion, he supplied without ultimately resulting in one provider of those services holding a monopoly on coercion,
Nota - Posizione 43
Evidenzia (giallo) - Posizione 47
the market is capable of provid- ing justice at the cheapest price. According to Rothbard, to claim that these services are "public goods" and cannot be sold to individuals in varying amounts is to make a claim which actually has little basis in fact.'
Nota - Posizione 48
Evidenzia (giallo) - Posizione 49
faith in the profit seeking entrepreneurs
Evidenzia (giallo) - Posizione 51
there is the empirical question of whether competition can actually provide the protection services.
Nota - Posizione 51
Evidenzia (giallo) - Posizione 52
Conflicts may occur, and one agency will win.
Nota - Posizione 53
Evidenzia (giallo) - Posizione 54
a single protective agency or association will eventually come to dominate
Evidenzia (giallo) - Posizione 61
To the constitutionalist the Lockean concept of mixing labor with resources to arrive at "natural rights" is not sufficient.
Nota - Posizione 61
Evidenzia (giallo) - Posizione 62
the starting point is determined by the initial bar- gaining process which results in the constitutional contract.
Nota - Posizione 62
Evidenzia (giallo) - Posizione 66
Our purpose in this paper is to discuss, in a historical context, some of the important issues
Evidenzia (giallo) - Posizione 72
Even in the absence of any enforce- ment mechanism, most members of the western society agreed that certain rights to use and control property existed.
Nota - Posizione 73
Evidenzia (giallo) - Posizione 73
when a miner argued that a placer claim was his because he "was there first," that claim carried more weight than if he claimed it simply because he was most powerful.
Nota - Posizione 74
x ES
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Tastes, culture, ethics,
Nota - Posizione 74
Evidenzia (giallo) - Posizione 75
The long period of conflicts between the Indians and the settlers can be attributed to a lack of any such
Nota - Posizione 75
Nota - Posizione 95
divario tra leggenda e realtà omicidi: pochi... meno che altrove comitati di vigilanza... la competizione fa bene land squatters: pionieri che autorganizzavano la difesa delle proprietà... la tesi della frontiera: il diritto all exit forgia la mentalità usa le associazioni degli allevatori: la terra è scarsa e occorrono regole... il ruolo dei pistoleri gli sceriffi + efficienti nn erano certo dei santi il xicolo del monopolio privato della forza
Evidenzia (giallo) - Posizione 95
Cases from the West
Nota - Posizione 96
Evidenzia (giallo) - Posizione 97
the legendary characterization of the "wild, wild West."
Evidenzia (giallo) - Posizione 97
The potential for chaos is a major objection
Evidenzia (giallo) - Posizione 98
histories describe the era and area as characterized by gunfights, horse-thievery, and general disrespect for basic human rights. The taste for the dramatic in literature and other entertain- ment forms has led to concentration on the seeming disparity between the westerners' desire for order and the prevailing disorder. If the Hollywood image of the West were not enough to taint our view, scholars of violence contributed with quotes such as the following: "We can report with some assurance that compared to frontier days there has been a significant dec- rease in crimes of violence in the United States.""
Nota - Posizione 102
Evidenzia (giallo) - Posizione 103
Frontier Violence: Another Look, W. Eugene Hollon
Evidenzia (giallo) - Posizione 104
the Western frontier was a far more civilized, more peaceful, and safer place than American society is today."' Z
Nota - Posizione 104
Evidenzia (giallo) - Posizione 105
Robert Dykstra's
Evidenzia (giallo) - Posizione 105
in five of the major cattle towns (Abilene, Ellsworth, Wichita, Dodge City, and Caldwell) for the years from 1870 to 1885, only 45 homicides were reported-an average of 1.5 per cattle-trading season.') In Abilene, supposedly one of the wildest of the cow towns, "nobody was killed in 1869 or 1870. In fact, nobody was killed until the advent of officers of the law, employed to prevent killings."' 4 Only two towns, Ellsworth in 1873 and Dodge City in 1876, ever had five killings in any one year. 15
Nota - Posizione 108
x K
Evidenzia (giallo) - Posizione 108
Frank Prassel
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"A Legacy of Law and Order,"
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"if any conclusion can be drawn from recent crime statistics, it must be that this last frontier left no significant heritage of offenses against the person, relative to other sections of the country." l6
Evidenzia (giallo) - Posizione 111
preference for order can differ across time and people.
Evidenzia (giallo) - Posizione 111
To show that the West was more "lawless" than our present day society tells one very little unless some measure of the "demand for law and order" is available.
Nota - Posizione 112
Evidenzia (giallo) - Posizione 113
many violations of formal law,
Evidenzia (giallo) - Posizione 113
more truly reflected community customs
Evidenzia (giallo) - Posizione 114
The vigilance committees
Nota - Posizione 114
Evidenzia (giallo) - Posizione 114
sprang up in many of the mining towns
Evidenzia (giallo) - Posizione 115
these committees arose after civil government was organized.
Evidenzia (giallo) - Posizione 115
They proved that competition was useful in cases where government was ineffective,
Evidenzia (giallo) - Posizione 115
as in the case of San Francisco in the 1850' s,' hr where government became the province of criminals who used the legal monopoly on coercion to further their own ends, as in Virginia City, Montana Territory in the 1860' s.lY Even in these cases, however, violence was not the standard modus operandi.
Nota - Posizione 117
Evidenzia (giallo) - Posizione 118
San Francisco vigilante committee was reconstituted in 1856,
Evidenzia (giallo) - Posizione 119
During this period, San Francisco had only two murders, compared with more than a hundred in the six months before the committee was formed." 2Q
Nota - Posizione 120
Evidenzia (giallo) - Posizione 120
four examples of institutions which approximated anarcho- capitalism.
Evidenzia (giallo) - Posizione 122
a. Land Clubs:
Nota - Posizione 122
Evidenzia (giallo) - Posizione 123
pioneer settlers who often moved into the public domain before it was surveyed or open for sale by the federal government,
Nota - Posizione 123
Evidenzia (giallo) - Posizione 123
definition and enforcement of property rights in the land they claimed was always a problem.
Evidenzia (giallo) - Posizione 126
In law they were trespassers; in fact they were honest farmers." 21
Evidenzia (giallo) - Posizione 126
result was the formation of "extra-legal" organizations for protection
Evidenzia (giallo) - Posizione 127
land clubs
Evidenzia (giallo) - Posizione 128
Benjamin F. Shambaugh
Evidenzia (giallo) - Posizione 128
we view these clubs "as an illustrative type of frontier extra-legal, extra-constitutional political organization in which are reflected certain principles of American life and character."' 2
Nota - Posizione 129
Evidenzia (giallo) - Posizione 129
Frederick Jackson Turner
Evidenzia (giallo) - Posizione 130
an excellent example of the "power of the newly arrived pioneers to join together for a common end without the intervention of governmental institutions. . . ." 2'
Nota - Posizione 131
Evidenzia (giallo) - Posizione 131
adopted its own constitution
Evidenzia (giallo) - Posizione 133
Association of Johnson County, Iowa
Nota - Posizione 133
Evidenzia (giallo) - Posizione 134
president, vice president, and clerk
Evidenzia (giallo) - Posizione 134
seven judges,
Evidenzia (giallo) - Posizione 135
two marshals
Evidenzia (giallo) - Posizione 135
The constitution specified the procedure whereby property rights in land would be defined as well as the procedure for arbitrating claims disputes. User charges were utilized for defraying arbitra- tion expenses.
Nota - Posizione 137
Evidenzia (giallo) - Posizione 138
deposit a sufficient sum of money in their hands to defray the expenses
Nota - Posizione 139
Evidenzia (giallo) - Posizione 140
As a sanction
Evidenzia (giallo) - Posizione 141
violence was an option,
Nota - Posizione 141
Evidenzia (giallo) - Posizione 145
resolutions of all claims clubs were not alike suggests that preferences among the squatters did vary
Nota - Posizione 146
Evidenzia (giallo) - Posizione 150
the need of protection .against 'reckless claim jumpers and invidious wolves in human form,'
Nota - Posizione 150
Evidenzia (giallo) - Posizione 150
need 'for better security against foreign as well as domestic aggression."' 27
Nota - Posizione 151
Evidenzia (giallo) - Posizione 151
opposing "speculators" who were attempting to obtain title to the land.
Nota - Posizione 152
Evidenzia (giallo) - Posizione 152
specifically regulated the amount of improvements
Nota - Posizione 152
Evidenzia (giallo) - Posizione 153
Other associa- tions, however, encouraged speculation by making no such requirements.
Evidenzia (giallo) - Posizione 155
b. Cattlemens' Associations:
Nota - Posizione 155
Evidenzia (giallo) - Posizione 156
Initially "there was room enough for all,
Evidenzia (giallo) - Posizione 157
"as early as 1868, two years after the first drive, small groups of owners were organizing themselves into protective associations and hiring stock detective ^."
Nota - Posizione 158
Evidenzia (giallo) - Posizione 159
Louis Pelzer.
Nota - Posizione 159
Evidenzia (giallo) - Posizione 163
Ernest Staples Osgood
Evidenzia (giallo) - Posizione 163
it was "the failure of the police power in the frontier communities to protect property and preserve order," which "resulted over and over again in groups who represented the will of the law- abiding part of the community dealing out summary justice to offenders.""
Nota - Posizione 165
Evidenzia (giallo) - Posizione 166
means of enforcing private rights was often more violent than the trade sanctions specified by the claims associa- tions.
Evidenzia (giallo) - Posizione 167
a market response to existing demands for enforcement
Evidenzia (giallo) - Posizione 168
Expert gunmen-professional killers-had an economic place in the frontier West.
Evidenzia (giallo) - Posizione 169
Like all mercenaries, they espoused the side which made them the first or best offer.
Evidenzia (giallo) - Posizione 170
hut Bill became Montana's first stock detective.
Evidenzia (giallo) - Posizione 171
Bill's choice was not dictated by ethics,
Evidenzia (giallo) - Posizione 171
At any rate, he became a hired defender of property
Evidenzia (giallo) - Posizione 173
the earlier versions evidently enforced their own laws much of the time rather than serving as simply an extension of the government's police force.
Nota - Posizione 174
Evidenzia (giallo) - Posizione 175
enforcement agencies will themselves become large-scale organizations that use their power to infringe upon individual rights.
Nota - Posizione 176
Evidenzia (giallo) - Posizione 177
Major economies of scale did not seem to exist in either enforcement or crime.
Evidenzia (giallo) - Posizione 178
numerous records of gunslingers making themselves available for hire,
Evidenzia (giallo) - Posizione 178
no record of these gunslingers discovering that it was even more profitable to band together and form a super-defense agency
Nota - Posizione 179
Evidenzia (giallo) - Posizione 180
Some of the individuals did drift in and out of a life of crime
Evidenzia (giallo) - Posizione 180
these associations did not seem to be encouraged by the market form of peace keeping,
Evidenzia (giallo) - Posizione 182
a few large
Evidenzia (giallo) - Posizione 183
Pinkerton Agency and Wells Fargo,
Evidenzia (giallo) - Posizione 183
but these agencies seemed to serve mainly as adjuncts to government
Evidenzia (giallo) - Posizione 185
c. Mining Camps:
Nota - Posizione 185
Evidenzia (giallo) - Posizione 186
discovery of gold in California in 1848
Evidenzia (giallo) - Posizione 187
Thousands of Easterners rushed to
Evidenzia (giallo) - Posizione 188
Later the same experience occurred in Colorado, Montana, and Idaho
Evidenzia (giallo) - Posizione 188
first to arrive were forced into a situation where they had to write the rules
Evidenzia (giallo) - Posizione 189
There was no constitutional authority
Evidenzia (giallo) - Posizione 190
The invaders were remitted to the primal law of nature,
Evidenzia (giallo) - Posizione 190
Every gulch was filling with red-hot treasure hunters;
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every bar was pock-marked with "prospect holes";
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many of the groups of associates who came seeking their fortunes organized and made their rules for operation before they left their homes.
Nota - Posizione 195
Evidenzia (giallo) - Posizione 197
they did not "recognize any higher court than the law of the majority of the company." 36
Evidenzia (giallo) - Posizione 198
rules under which the companies were organized varied according to tastes and needs of the company.
Evidenzia (giallo) - Posizione 200
payments to be used
Evidenzia (giallo) - Posizione 200
caring for the sick
Evidenzia (giallo) - Posizione 201
use of alcoholic spirits,
Evidenzia (giallo) - Posizione 201
fines which could be imposed for misconduct,
Evidenzia (giallo) - Posizione 202
governing rules of the company were negotiated,
Evidenzia (giallo) - Posizione 202
unanimity prevailed.
Evidenzia (giallo) - Posizione 203
Those who wished to purchase other "bundles of goods" or other sets of rules had that alternative.
Evidenzia (giallo) - Posizione 204
rules were useful only insofar as questions of rights involved members
Evidenzia (giallo) - Posizione 204
when other individuals were confronted in the mining camps, additional negotiation was necessary.
Evidenzia (giallo) - Posizione 205
the first issues to arise concerned the ownership of mining claims.
Evidenzia (giallo) - Posizione 207
mass meeting and appoint committees assigned to drafting the laws.
Evidenzia (giallo) - Posizione 207
Gregory Gulch in Colorado provides an example. A mass meeting of miners was held June 8, 1859, and a committee appointed to draft a code of laws. This committee laid out boundaries for the district, and their civil code, after some discussion and amend- ment, was unanimously adopted in mass meeting, July 16. 1859. The example was rapidly followed in other districts, and the whole Territory was soon divided between a score of local sovereignties.' 9
Nota - Posizione 211
Evidenzia (giallo) - Posizione 212
In California, military posts were established to take care of Indian troubles, but these governmental enforcement organizations did not exercise any authority over the mining camps.
Nota - Posizione 213
Evidenzia (giallo) - Posizione 215
No alcalde, no council, no justice of the peace, was ever forced upon a district by an outside power.
Evidenzia (giallo) - Posizione 216
district was the unit of political organization,
Evidenzia (giallo) - Posizione 216
delegates from adjoining districts often met in consultation regarding
Nota - Posizione 217
Evidenzia (giallo) - Posizione 217
boundaries, or matters of local government, and reported to their respective constituencies in open-air meeting, on hillside or river-bank."
Nota - Posizione 218
Evidenzia (giallo) - Posizione 218
trained lawyers were not welcomed in many of the campus and even forbidden
Nota - Posizione 219
Evidenzia (giallo) - Posizione 219
Union Mining District. Resolved, that no lawyer be permitted to practice law in this district, under penalty of not more than fifty nor less than twenty lashes, and he forever banished from this di ~ trict. ~'
Nota - Posizione 220
Evidenzia (giallo) - Posizione 222
When outside laws were imposed upon the camps, there is some evidence that they increased rather than decreased crime.
Nota - Posizione 222
Evidenzia (giallo) - Posizione 222
One early Californian writes, "We needed no law until the lawyers came," and another adds, "There were few crimes until the courts with their delays and technical- ities took the place of miners'
Nota - Posizione 224
Evidenzia (giallo) - Posizione 224
they did develop a system of justice through the miners' courts.
Evidenzia (giallo) - Posizione 226
a group of citizens was summoned to try a case.
Evidenzia (giallo) - Posizione 226
they would elect a presiding officer or judge and select six or twelve persons to serve as the jury.
Evidenzia (giallo) - Posizione 227
there was recourse when disputes arose.
Evidenzia (giallo) - Posizione 230
"If a majority favored such action, the district was set apart and named.
Nota - Posizione 231
Evidenzia (giallo) - Posizione 231
old district was not consulted on the subject, but received a verbal notice of the new organization.
Evidenzia (giallo) - Posizione 232
"The work of mining, and its environment and conditions, were so different in different places, that the laws and customs of the miners had to vary even in adjoining districts." 46
Nota - Posizione 234
Evidenzia (giallo) - Posizione 234
any man in the camp might be called upon to he the executive officer.
Evidenzia (giallo) - Posizione 235
considered for prosecutor or defend- er for the accused.
Evidenzia (giallo) - Posizione 235
In Colorado there is some evidence of competition among the courts
Evidenzia (giallo) - Posizione 236
The civil courts promptly assumed criminal jurisdiction,
Evidenzia (giallo) - Posizione 237
Evidenzia (giallo) - Posizione 237
The miners' courts, people's courts, and "provisional government" (a new name for "Jeffer- son") divided jurisdiction in the mountains;
Nota - Posizione 238
Evidenzia (giallo) - Posizione 239
Appeals were taken from one to the other,
Evidenzia (giallo) - Posizione 240
judgments accepted from one court by another,
Evidenzia (giallo) - Posizione 241
there was undoubtedly much less crime in the two years this arrangement lasted than in the two which followed the territorial organization and regular government."
Nota - Posizione 242
Evidenzia (giallo) - Posizione 244
d. Wagon Trains:
Nota - Posizione 244
Evidenzia (giallo) - Posizione 245
they moved across the plains in search of California gold.
Evidenzia (giallo) - Posizione 245
region west of Missouri and Iowa was unorganized, unpatrolled, and beyond the jurisdiction of the United States law.
Nota - Posizione 246
Evidenzia (giallo) - Posizione 247
the tedious journey and the constant tensions of the trail brought out the worst in human character, the pioneers
Nota - Posizione 248
Evidenzia (giallo) - Posizione 248
created their own law making and law- enforcing machinery before they started." 48
Evidenzia (giallo) - Posizione 249
Like their fellow travelers on the ocean,
Evidenzia (giallo) - Posizione 250
adoption of a formal constitution patterned after that of the US.
Evidenzia (giallo) - Posizione 251
Green and Jersey County Company
Nota - Posizione 251
Evidenzia (giallo) - Posizione 251
We, the members of the Green and Jersey County Company of Emi- grants to California, for the purpose of effectually protecting our per- sons and property, and as the best means of ensuring an expeditious and easy journey do ordain and establish the following constitution.sO
Nota - Posizione 253
Evidenzia (giallo) - Posizione 257
One of the first tasks was to select officers who would be responsible for enforcing the rules.
Evidenzia (giallo) - Posizione 258
constitutions also included eligibility for voting
Evidenzia (giallo) - Posizione 259
banishment of individuals from the group,
Evidenzia (giallo) - Posizione 265
The specific rules included organization of jury trials;
Evidenzia (giallo) - Posizione 266
regulation of Sabbath-
Evidenzia (giallo) - Posizione 266
gambling and intoxication;
Evidenzia (giallo) - Posizione 266
guard duty.
Evidenzia (giallo) - Posizione 267
repair of road,
Evidenzia (giallo) - Posizione 267
building bridges,
Evidenzia (giallo) - Posizione 270
it is clear that the travelers did negotiate from Schelling points to social contracts without relying upon the coercive powers of government. And these voluntary contracts did provide the basis for social organization.
Nota - Posizione 271
Evidenzia (giallo) - Posizione 271
The Schelling points from which the individuals negotiated included a very well accepted set of private rights especially with regard to property.
Nota - Posizione 272
Evidenzia (giallo) - Posizione 275
In his article, "Paying for the Elephant: Property Rights and Civil Order on the Overland Trail," John Phillip Reid convincingly argues that respect for property rights was para- mount. Even when food became so scarce that starvation was a distinct possibility, there are few examples where the pioneers resorted to violence.
Nota - Posizione 277
Evidenzia (giallo) - Posizione 283
The emigrants were property minded.
Evidenzia (giallo) - Posizione 285
company organized at Kanesville, Iowa,
Nota - Posizione 285
Evidenzia (giallo) - Posizione 285
'Resolved, that in case of any dispute arising between any members of the Company, they shall be referred to three arbiters, one chosen by each party, and one by the two chosen, whose decision shall he final."' 56
Nota - Posizione 287
Evidenzia (giallo) - Posizione 289
the question of how to solve disputes involving contractual relations for business
Evidenzia (giallo) - Posizione 291
herding and in the provision of protection from Indians provided for gains from voluntary and collective action.
Evidenzia (giallo) - Posizione 293
A common form of organization on the overland trail was the "mess."
Evidenzia (giallo) - Posizione 294
the mess allowed individuals to contribute inputs such as food, oxen, wagons, labor, etc. for the joint production of travel or meals. In this way, the mess, which allowed the property to remain privately owned, differed from the partnership where property was concurrently owned.
Nota - Posizione 296
Evidenzia (giallo) - Posizione 296
When the conflicts occurred, renegotiation of the contract was sometimes necessary.
Evidenzia (giallo) - Posizione 299
There were, however, cases where renegotiation seemed impossible,
Evidenzia (giallo) - Posizione 301
[W] e concluded the best thing we could do was to buy him out and let him go which accordingly we did by paying him one hundred doll[ ar] s. He shoulder[ ed] his gun, carpet bag, and blanket and took the track to the prairie without saying good by to one of us. 58
Nota - Posizione 302
Evidenzia (giallo) - Posizione 303
there is no evidence that coercive power was used to take property from rightful owners.
Evidenzia (giallo) - Posizione 303
If an indivi- dual left one mess he could usually join another.
Evidenzia (giallo) - Posizione 304
joint stock company.
Nota - Posizione 304
Evidenzia (giallo) - Posizione 305
property which was held concurrently.
Evidenzia (giallo) - Posizione 305
Charlestown, Virginia, Mining Company
Nota - Posizione 305
Evidenzia (giallo) - Posizione 309
an individual could not simply leave the company.
Evidenzia (giallo) - Posizione 309
withdrawal could only occur with the consent of a percentage of other memhers.
Evidenzia (giallo) - Posizione 315
an even more revealing example of anarcho-capitalism at work is found in the dissolution of the Boone County Company.
Nota - Posizione 316
Evidenzia (giallo) - Posizione 318
When negotiations appeared at an impasse because of the indivisibility of units and differences in quality, prices were assigned to units and the groups resolved the issue by trade. However, a $ 75 claim of the majority group proved even harder to resolve.
Nota - Posizione 319
Evidenzia (giallo) - Posizione 321
Unable to settle the dispute, arbitration came from a "private court" consist- ing of "3 disinterested men," one chosen by each side and a third chosen by the two. Their decision follows.
Evidenzia (giallo) - Posizione 327
when the Boone County Company could not renegotiate its initial contract the members did not resort to force, but chose private arbitration instead.
Nota - Posizione 328
Evidenzia (giallo) - Posizione 328
many companies which crossed the plains "were experiments in democracy and while some proved inadequate to meet all emergencies, the very ease with which the members could dissolve their bonds and form new associations without lawlessness and disorder proves the true democratic spirit among the Ameri- can frontiersmen rather than the opposite." 6'
Nota - Posizione 331
Evidenzia (giallo) - Posizione 331
Competition rather than coercion insured justice.
Evidenzia (giallo) - Posizione 333
the demand for public goods was probably not as great as found in more permanent communities.
Nota - Posizione 333
Evidenzia (giallo) - Posizione 334
schools, roads, and other goods which are publicly provided in our society were not needed,
Evidenzia (giallo) - Posizione 335
Secondly, the short term nature of the organization meant that there was not a very long time for groups to organize to use coercion.
Nota - Posizione 336
Evidenzia (giallo) - Posizione 338
Concluding Remarks
Nota - Posizione 338
Evidenzia (giallo) - Posizione 339
The West,
Nota - Posizione 339
Evidenzia (giallo) - Posizione 339
was, for the most part, orderly.
Evidenzia (giallo) - Posizione 340
Different standards of justice did prevail
Nota - Posizione 340