Bill: in un mondo perfetto avrei braccia talmente lunghe da potermi grattare la schiena.
Hank: in un mondo perfetto la schiena non ti pruderebbe mai.
Unequivocal Justice (Political Philosophy for the Real World) – Christopher Freiman
Trigger warning: – l’errore di Rawls – sinistra nonsense – Gerusalemme e Babilonia –
A perfect state is a pointless state.
Note:FILOSOFIA POLITICA E NONSENSE
If Rich would donate his 40% to the poor, the state wouldn’t need to tax his income. If Mimi would buy a hybrid instead of a Hummer, the state wouldn’t need to cap… But since virtue alone won’t do the job, the state needs to redistribute equitably and regulate efficiently. …
Note:PERCHE’ TASSARE? PERCHE’ REGOLARE?
the very reasons why the state is needed are reasons why the state won’t work.
Note:DOVE LO STATO SERVE NON PUO’ FUNZIONARE
a state that efficiently provides public goods is itself a public good… Free riders won’t pay the costs of good government … our theory cannot coherently assume a just state. …
But ideal theories of the state, like John Rawls’s, make precisely this assumption. Rawls and others stipulate fair-playing, equality-prizing citizens who work hard to make their democratic state completely just. But people who play fair and prize equality don’t need a state to force them to do the right thing—
Note:L’ASSUNTO DI RAWLS
The shift to nonideal theory should prompt Rawls and other liberal egalitarians to rethink their rejection of a free market,
Note:RIPENSARE IL MERCATO
I defend the claim that an ideally just society has no need for a coercive state. Coercion is needed to achieve justice only when society is less than fully just. But when society is less than fully just, we cannot stipulate the ideal justness of the state itself.
Note:LA GERUSALEMME CELESTE E BABILONIA… NON CONFONDIAMO
ideal theorists have sidestepped this dilemma by implicitly violating what Geoffrey Brennan and James Buchanan call “behavioral symmetry”—
Note:VIOLARE L’ASSUNTO DEL COMPORTAMENTO SIMMETRICO (O PRINCIPIO DELL’EGUAGLIANZA)
liberal egalitarians’ objections to classical liberalism miss the mark precisely because classical liberal arguments typically presuppose behavioral symmetry.
Note:PARADOSSO: I VIOLENTATORI DELL’ASSUNTO SONO PROPRIO QUELLI CHE LO USANO AD OGNI PIE’ SOSPINTO
that purports to challenge the principle of behavioral symmetry. I conclude that the principle, properly understood, withstands these challenges. As a result, philosophers should abandon ideal theories of the state entirely.