venerdì 20 gennaio 2017

Bourgeois Dignity A Revolution in Rhetoric Deirdre McCloskey

Notebook per
Bourgeois Dignity A Revolution in Rhetoric
Deirdre McCloskey
Citation (APA): McCloskey, D. (2017). Bourgeois Dignity A Revolution in Rhetoric [Kindle Android version]. Retrieved from Amazon.com

Parte introduttiva
Evidenzia (giallo) - Posizione 1
Bourgeois Dignity: A Revolution in Rhetoric By Deirdre McCloskey
Evidenzia (giallo) - Posizione 5
A big change in the common opinion about markets and innovation, I claim, caused the Industrial Revolution,
Nota - Posizione 6
x TESI
Evidenzia (giallo) - Posizione 8
middle class,
Evidenzia (giallo) - Posizione 8
“bourgeoisie”
Evidenzia (giallo) - Posizione 8
dignified
Evidenzia (giallo) - Posizione 9
The cause, in other words, was language, that most human of our accomplishments.
Nota - Posizione 10
x LINGUAGGIO
Evidenzia (giallo) - Posizione 10
The cause was not in the first instance an economic/ material change— not the rise of this or that class, or the flourishing of this or that trade, or the exploitation of this or that group.
Nota - Posizione 11
x FALSE CAUSE
Evidenzia (giallo) - Posizione 15
The outcome has falsified the old prediction from the left that markets and innovation would make the working class miserable, or from the right that the material gains from industrialization would be offset by moral corruption.
Nota - Posizione 16
x PESSIMISMI CONFUTATI
Evidenzia (giallo) - Posizione 22
origins of the modern economy
Evidenzia (giallo) - Posizione 22
People believe, for example, that imperialism explains European riches. Or they believe that markets and greed arrived recently. Or they believe that “capitalism” required a new class or a new self-consciousness about one’s class (as against a new rhetoric about what an old class did). Or they believe that economic events must be explained “ultimately,” and every single time, by material interests. Or they believe that it was trade unions and government protections that have elevated the working class. None of these is correct,
Nota - Posizione 26
x FALSE CREDENZE
Evidenzia (giallo) - Posizione 30
The book tests the traditional stories against the actually-happened, setting aside the stories that in light of the recent findings of scientific history don’t seem to work very well. A surprisingly large number of the stories don’t. Not Karl Marx and his classes. Not Max Weber and his Protestants. Not Fernand Braudel and his Mafia-style capitalists. Not Douglass North and his institutions. Not the mathematical theories of endogenous growth and its capital accumulation. Not the left-wing’s theory of working-class struggle, or the right-wing’s theory of spiritual decline.
Nota - Posizione 33
x LE VITTIME
Evidenzia (giallo) - Posizione 34
John Mueller
Evidenzia (giallo) - Posizione 35
capitalism— or as I prefer to call it, “innovation”— is like Ralph’s Grocery in Garrison Keillor’s self-effacing little Minnesota town of Lake Wobegon: “pretty good.”[ 2]
Nota - Posizione 36
x CAPITALISMO È FIGO
Evidenzia (giallo) - Posizione 39
The Big Economic Story of our times has not been the Great Recession of 2007– 2009,
Nota - Posizione 39
x IL NS TERMPO
Evidenzia (giallo) - Posizione 47
The Big Economic Story of our own times is that the Chinese in 1978 and then the Indians in 1991 adopted liberal ideas in the economy, and came to attribute a dignity and a liberty to the bourgeoisie formerly denied. And then China and India exploded in economic growth.
Nota - Posizione 48
c LA VERA STORIA DI OGGI
Evidenzia (giallo) - Posizione 50
Joel Mokyr
Evidenzia (giallo) - Posizione 50
“economic change in all periods depends, more than most economists think, on what people believe.”[ 5] The Big Story of the past two hundred years is the innovation after 1700 or 1800 around the North Sea, and recently in once poor places like Taiwan or Ireland,
Nota - Posizione 51
x MOKYR
Evidenzia (giallo) - Posizione 53
And contrary to the usual declarations of the economists since Adam Smith or Karl Marx, the Biggest Economic Story was not caused by trade or investment or exploitation. It was caused by ideas. The idea of bourgeois dignity and liberty
Nota - Posizione 55
x IDEA
Evidenzia (giallo) - Posizione 65
When bourgeois virtues do not thrive, and especially when they are not admired by other classes and by their governments and by the bourgeoisie itself, the results are sad.
Nota - Posizione 66
x BORGHESE ODIATO
Evidenzia (giallo) - Posizione 66
Virgil Storr and Peter Boettke note about the Bahamas, “Virtually all models of success to be found in the Bahamas’ economic past have to be characterized as piratical,” with the result that entrepreneurs there “pursue ‘rents’ rather than [productive] profits.”[ 6]
Nota - Posizione 68
x BAHAMSS
Evidenzia (giallo) - Posizione 70
Bernard Mandeville and Ivan Boesky got it wrong. Prudence is not the only virtue of an innovative society. People (not to speak of grass and bacteria and rats) have always been prudent, and there have always been greedy people among them unwilling to balance prudence with other virtues.
Nota - Posizione 72
x L EGOISMO NN È L ORIGINE. L UOMO È SEMPRE STATO EGO
Evidenzia (giallo) - Posizione 74
Yet innovation, even in a proper system of the virtues, has continued to be scorned by many of our opinion makers now for a century and a half, from Thomas Carlyle to Naomi Klein.
Nota - Posizione 75
x DA CALYLE A KLEIN
Evidenzia (giallo) - Posizione 83
We will need to abandon the materialist premise that reshuffling and efficiency, or an exploitation of the poor, made the modern world.
Nota - Posizione 84
x MATERIALISMO EFFICIENTISTA E SFRUTTATORE
Evidenzia (giallo) - Posizione 85
Humanomics: Values and Innovation
Nota - Posizione 85
t
Evidenzia (giallo) - Posizione 92
We agree at least that innovation is the key.
Evidenzia (giallo) - Posizione 96
capital accumulation,
Nota - Posizione 96
x FALSO 1
Evidenzia (giallo) - Posizione 96
exploitation of the third world,
Nota - Posizione 96
x FALSO 2
Evidenzia (giallo) - Posizione 96
expansion of foreign trade.
Nota - Posizione 96
x FALSO 3
Evidenzia (giallo) - Posizione 96
world got rich by inventing
Nota - Posizione 97
x VERO
Evidenzia (giallo) - Posizione 97
cheap steel, electric lights, marine insurance, reinforced concrete, coffee shops, saw mills, newspapers, automatic looms, cheap paper, modern universities, the transistor, cheap porcelain, corporations, rolling mills, liberation for women, railways.
Nota - Posizione 98
x INVENZIONI
Evidenzia (giallo) - Posizione 101
The history of the European Jews 1800 to 1945 exhibits the unhappy results of according legal liberty without also the dignity that protects and encourages liberty to innovate.
Nota - Posizione 102
x EBREI: LIBERTÀ SENZA DIGNITÀ
Evidenzia (giallo) - Posizione 107
It’s not the “mind of the innovator” or his genes that changed but his (or in more cases than one might think, her) social standing and political liberty.
Nota - Posizione 108
x NON CAMBIA LA NATURA DELL UOMO
Evidenzia (giallo) - Posizione 108
Rising trade causes a greater division of labor which causes innovation. Simple.
Nota - Posizione 109
x OB MATT
Evidenzia (giallo) - Posizione 109
Greg Clark, Jack Goldstone, Joel Mokyr, and I reply that, no, large trades were commonplace in the Mediterranean or the Indian Ocean for centuries before the stirring of Atlantic trade, yet resulted in no sustained industrial revolution.
Nota - Posizione 111
x RISP: ANCHE PRIMA
Evidenzia (giallo) - Posizione 112
trade, which was routine in the Ottoman Empire, or coal, which was routine in China.
Nota - Posizione 113
c
Evidenzia (giallo) - Posizione 138
I write books trying to change people’sminds. If we were consistent materialists we would put down our pens and start offering people large bribes to become liberals.
Nota - Posizione 139
x VENDERE LIBRI
Evidenzia (giallo) - Posizione 140
“thinkers follow rather than precede in the innovation story.”
Nota - Posizione 140
x OBIEZIONE
Evidenzia (giallo) - Posizione 142
The U.S. Constitution, for example, as the historian Bernard Bailyn argues, was a creative event in the realm of ideas— and its economic origins are easily exaggerated. “The Atlantic democratic revolutions of the later eighteenth century,” writes Jonathan Israel, “stemmed chiefly from a general shift in perceptions, ideas, and attitudes,” a “revolution of the mind.”
Nota - Posizione 145
x ES CONTRAR. COST
Evidenzia (giallo) - Posizione 145
The abolition of slavery, a policy once advocated merely by a handful of radical churchmen (and the Baron de Montesquieu), played in the 1820s and 1830s a role in British politics, and later of course a much bigger role in American politics. It had less to do with the North’s material interests than with cheap printing
Nota - Posizione 147
x SCHIAVITÙ
Evidenzia (giallo) - Posizione 147
As Lincoln famously said on being introduced to the author of Uncle Tom’s Cabin (1852), “So you’re the little woman who wrote the book that made this great war!”
Nota - Posizione 149
c
Evidenzia (giallo) - Posizione 149
Books can indeed make big wars; as another example, Erskine Childers’s spy novel, The Riddle of the Sands: A Record of Secret Service (1903), was no minor influence on the Anglo-German naval rivalry.
Nota - Posizione 151
x AES
Evidenzia (giallo) - Posizione 152
Various nationalisms had spread across Europe in reaction to Napoleon’s conquests, but then were matured in poetry and songs
Nota - Posizione 153
x ES
Evidenzia (giallo) - Posizione 157
humanomists believe that humans are motivated by more than incentives,
Nota - Posizione 157
x NUOVA ECON
Evidenzia (giallo) - Posizione 158
We abhor Max U
Evidenzia (giallo) - Posizione 161
I Too Was Once a Materialist
Nota - Posizione 161
t
Evidenzia (giallo) - Posizione 174
Greg and I and Mokyr and Goldstone want economic historians, and especially economists, to stop claiming that rationality is new, or that activating it explains the modern world,
Nota - Posizione 175
x LA RAZIONALITÀ NN È NUOVA
Evidenzia (giallo) - Posizione 178
Greg claims that Mokyr and I have “no account for why the Industrial Revolution waited so long.” Oh, yes we do. We say that social ideas changed in a thoroughly liberal direction for the first and only time in history during the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, first in Holland, then in England and Pennsylvania, and then Massachusetts, Scotland, and the world. They changed for reasons that were sometimes material (London was unusually big and strong when the bumbling Stuarts came to the throne) and sometimes non-material (Voltaire, Montesquieu, Hume, and Smith lived and wrote as they did) and sometimes both (Protestant presses vied with Catholic ones for new readers).
Nota - Posizione 180
x PERCHÈ QUI ED ORAS
Evidenzia (giallo) - Posizione 184
accidental liberals
Evidenzia (giallo) - Posizione 188
Greg wants Mokyr and me to have a Deep Explanation for the liberal revolutions. He favors very long-run evolution, even genetics.
Nota - Posizione 189
x DISAPPUNTO MATERIALISTA
Evidenzia (giallo) - Posizione 192
It was an accident, a happy accident
Evidenzia (giallo) - Posizione 194
Reply to Greg Clark on China’s Dishonesty
Nota - Posizione 194
t
Evidenzia (giallo) - Posizione 199
Greg Clark says that cheating in China means that the “bourgeois virtues” I touted in the book of the same name (2006) aren’t the ticket. But cheating was rampant in England in the early seventeenth century, as it is in most poor countries.
Nota - Posizione 201
x LA DISONESTÀ ERAS DIFFUSA ANCHE IN GB
Evidenzia (giallo) - Posizione 201
Look at the Bard’s obsession with dishonesty, in honest, honest Iago, say, or Falstaff’s robbery and exaggerations, or Shylock’s contract and Portia’s quibble.
Nota - Posizione 202
x LETTERASTURA
Evidenzia (giallo) - Posizione 202
Late in the seventeenth century Quakers and other worthies drove dishonesty underground, and gave us the modern world. The very word “honesty” changed in meaning, from “aristocratically glorious” to “sober and truth-telling.”
Nota - Posizione 204
x LA PAROLA ONESTÁ
Evidenzia (giallo) - Posizione 204
To say that China is a counterexample because it “seems set soon to take its place among the developed countries” is strange. At a daily production of $ 13 a head (the United States now is at $ 130 a head), it’s going to be a long, long time before China looks “developed.”
Nota - Posizione 206
x LA CINA È LONTANA DALLO SVILUPP
Evidenzia (giallo) - Posizione 207
My prediction? Like Japan and Korea and the United States and England, a future China will get very rich when it gives up its rampant culture of “old fashioned greed”
Nota - Posizione 208
c MENO INTERESSI PIÙ SVILUPPO
Evidenzia (giallo) - Posizione 209
The Same Anti-Economic Project of Creativity: Reply to Jonathan Feinstein
Nota - Posizione 209
t
Evidenzia (giallo) - Posizione 229
economists don’t acknowledge how productive it is to “discuss your creative interests with those around you” and to work so that “society encourages everyone to engage in their own personal process of creative development.”
Nota - Posizione 230
x DISCVUTERE DEI PROPRI INTERESSI
Evidenzia (giallo) - Posizione 237
coffee houses
Evidenzia (giallo) - Posizione 237
newspapers
Evidenzia (giallo) - Posizione 237
parliaments.
Evidenzia (giallo) - Posizione 238
theory of economic language,
Evidenzia (giallo) - Posizione 239
project is to shift attention away from the allocative answers that economists love,
Nota - Posizione 240
x DALL ALLOCAZ ALLA CREATIV
Evidenzia (giallo) - Posizione 240
towards the creative questions
Nota - Posizione 241
c
Evidenzia (giallo) - Posizione 242
I call it the Bourgeois Revaluation arising from a new Bourgeois Dignity and liberty, expressed as a change in the Bourgeois Virtues, and resulting in the Great Fact of wider scope for creativity in the Bourgeois Era.
Nota - Posizione 243
c