lunedì 5 settembre 2016

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Parenting Failure and Government Failure
STEVE HORWITZ adam gurri
Citation (APA): gurri, S. H. a. (2014). Parenting Failure and Government Failure [Kindle Android version]. Retrieved from

Parte introduttiva
Nota - Posizione 1
public choice: licenza? ma quali sono le alternative alla famiglia? possiamo scrivere l esame del buon genitore? xchè la patente: 1 il bambino è debole 2 non c è competizione adam gurri: il problema affrontato dai 3 liberalismi (diritti utilitarismo hayekiani) la famiglia: l istituzione più ricca di tradizione gli amish e il test del buon genitore
Evidenzia (giallo) - Posizione 1
Parenting Failure and Government Failure STEVE HORWITZ
Evidenzia (giallo) - Posizione 10
If one believes that the state’s job is to prevent harm to third parties, and that’s a key part of Andrew’s argument, it is not a priori out of bounds to ask what the state could do to protect children from harm by parents and others.
Nota - Posizione 11
Evidenzia (giallo) - Posizione 14
the argument Andrew makes is a perfect example of what can happen when philosophers (and others) make arguments about what government should do in the absence of serious consideration of the way in which the state actually works.
Nota - Posizione 16
Evidenzia (giallo) - Posizione 17
“if the state worked just the way we philosophers say it should…”
Evidenzia (giallo) - Posizione 20
Just as economists, including strongly free market ones like me, can point to all kinds of ways in which markets “fail” in the sense of not producing optimal outcomes, so can we point to all kinds of ways that parents do, or might, fail at raising their children
Evidenzia (giallo) - Posizione 23
government failure is just as real as market failure and parenting failure.
Nota - Posizione 24
Evidenzia (giallo) - Posizione 27
Suppose that alternative is foster care. There is enough empirical evidence on the problems with foster care, especially short-term placements where the incentive to really behave as a steward for the child is weaker, to be skeptical that it would be an improvement.
Nota - Posizione 29
Evidenzia (giallo) - Posizione 34
whether there are other institutions
Evidenzia (giallo) - Posizione 40
Andrew says children of parents who fail the license test should be “put up for adoption by someone licensed.” Again, this sounds good as stated, but the reality of the process is that this doesn’t happen immediately (there are no spot markets in parental rights). Is the child really better off in the state’s hands in the meantime? In general, those closest to the family are in the best position to understand the problems at hand, imagine an effective solution, as well as having an incentive to act on that knowledge.
Nota - Posizione 43
Evidenzia (giallo) - Posizione 47
Assuming that we actually know what makes for competent parenting
Nota - Posizione 47
Evidenzia (giallo) - Posizione 50
lobbying the process to see their particular concern added to the test of adequate parenting.
Nota - Posizione 51
Evidenzia (giallo) - Posizione 60
I would argue that in the case of parenting licenses, the imperfections of politics raise a much greater danger than do the imperfections of parenting,
Nota - Posizione 61
Evidenzia (giallo) - Posizione 67
The Organic Body Politics and Parental Licensure BY ADAM GURRI
Evidenzia (giallo) - Posizione 72
storied divide between “first principles” libertarians, who usually subscribe to some theory of natural rights, and consequentialist libertarians, who usually situate themselves somewhere in the family of utilitarian theories. Rarely discussed is a third, more Hayekian approach,
Nota - Posizione 74
Evidenzia (giallo) - Posizione 85
Because children don’t have the power to pick who their parents are, and there’s no similar competitive mechanism to make sure they’re more likely to end up with good parents, he argues that parenting should be licensed for the sake of children’s safety.
Nota - Posizione 87
Evidenzia (giallo) - Posizione 96
The family is the oldest, most durable institution that humanity has.
Nota - Posizione 97
Evidenzia (giallo) - Posizione 100
Responding to a thick and rich history with something as simple as the harm principle is to do injustice to that history.
Nota - Posizione 101
Evidenzia (giallo) - Posizione 102
To think that the people who inherit that system today can be directed by the motivations of one man, a philosopher-designer, is to become Adam Smith’s “man of system”
Nota - Posizione 104
Evidenzia (giallo) - Posizione 108
In particular, Cohen’s plan requires an army of evaluators who will behave in precisely the way he wishes them to.
Nota - Posizione 109
Evidenzia (giallo) - Posizione 112
Cohen has to say on that question: ................I’m inclined to think there are two tests that are involved. First, a means test—that is, no one that cannot afford to raise a child should have a child.
Nota - Posizione 114
Evidenzia (giallo) - Posizione 118
The second, and more important, test would be a psychological exam that indicates whether the individual (a) understands how to parent and (b) can handle the stress a child brings.
Nota - Posizione 119
Evidenzia (giallo) - Posizione 131
Evidenzia (giallo) - Posizione 136
Such top-down enforced monoculture of ethics and lifestyles ought to be anathema to libertarians and liberals of all sorts,
Nota - Posizione 137
Evidenzia (giallo) - Posizione 139
never put all your eggs in one basket;
Nota - Posizione 139
Evidenzia (giallo) - Posizione 140
Does anyone seriously think that such a central body would tolerate radically different parenting styles such as the Amish
Nota - Posizione 142
Evidenzia (giallo) - Posizione 148
What I’m suggesting here is that the only way to affect change of human systems is as a participant, not an architect.
Nota - Posizione 149