lunedì 26 settembre 2016

1 Where the Boys Are - The War Against Boys: How Misguided Policies are Harming Our Young Men by Christina Hoff Sommers

1 Where the Boys AreRead more at location 91
Note: la svuola avvantaggia le ragazze... evidenza differenze: · le 18enni sono + ambiziose sul xcorso educativo · " " " partecipano a + attività extracurriculari · " " " scrivono e leggono meglio · " " " si iscrivono più facilmente all università · " " " si laurano + spesso l aneddoto di dan: lo stile e la sostanza della ricerca ma i ragazzi non dominano nei test? come si conciliano le discrepanze? meno ragazzi prendono il sat + ragazze a rischio prendono il sat spread: tra i ragazzo + geni + scarsoni... gli idioti evitano il sat ……… dove sono finiti gli uomini?: ormai nelle università sono il 60/40... ormai la loro defaillance è ammessa da tutti reazione femminista: nn sono i ragazzi nei guai sono le ragazze che progrediscono meglio xchè il femminismo si oppone all evidenza? xchè l uomo predomina im societá... ceo wage gap... ma dimenticano il fenomeno spread... il maschio predomina anche tra i lavoratori scoraggiati o tra i carcerati wage gap: 1 tempo lavorato 2 preferenze negli studi ultimamente le femministe sembrano riconoscere l evidenza del wg con la postilla... xrò le scelte nn sono libere... insomma la buttano sul filosifico tanto xchè nulla sia più dimostrabile... inoltre pressioni decennali nn sembrano mutare le scelte.. .........smoking gun... i maschi prevalgono nei test di scienza e matematica ma non nei voti... in lettura e scrittura soccombono sempre cosa spiega il disallineamento test/voti: le abilità nn cognitive (pazienza self control...) che le femmine sviluppano prima e che l impostazoone didattica esalta... i bimbi che hanno qs abilità racvolgono i frutti migliori... l enfasi sulla condotta e il conformismo penalizza i maschietti reazione: peggio x i m.... ok ma sono bambino xchè nn provare una pedagogia altrrnativa?... si ha la netta sensazione che i ragazi siano puniti in quanto tali Edit
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Aviation High School in Queens,Read more at location 93
This is an institution that is working miracles with students. Schools everywhere struggle to keep teenagers engaged. At Aviation, they are enthralled. On a recent visit to Aviation, I observed a classroom of fourteen- and fifteen-year-olds intently focused on constructing miniaturized, electrically wired airplane wings from mostly raw materials. In another class, the students worked in teams—with a student foreman and crew chief—to take apart a small jet engine and then put it back together in just twenty days.Read more at location 96
The school’s two thousand pupils—mostly Hispanic, African American, and Asian from homes below the poverty line—have a 95 percent attendance rate and an 88 percent graduation rate, with 80 percent attending college.Read more at location 102
Aviation High lives up to its motto: “Where Dreams Take Flight.” So what is the secret of its success? “The school is all about structure,” Assistant Principal Ralph Santiago told me.Read more at location 107
anyone who spends a little time at the school sees its success is not about zero-tolerance and strict sanctions. The students are kept so busy and are so fascinated with what they are doing that they have neither the time nor the desire for antics.Read more at location 111
Despite its seventy-five-year history of success, and despite possessing what seems to be a winning formula for educating at-risk kids, it suffers from what many education leaders consider to be a fatal flaw: the school is 85 percent male.Read more at location 118
Note: 85% Edit
Principal Deno Charalambous, Assistant Principal Ralph Santiago, and other administrators have made efforts to reach out to all prospective students, male and female, but it is mostly boys who respond.Read more at location 125
At the same time, it is girls who are the overwhelming majority at two other New York City vocational schools: the High School of Fashion Industries and the Clara Barton High School (for health professions) are 92 percent and 77 percent female, respectively.Read more at location 132
Despite forty years of feminist consciousness-raising and gender-neutral pronouns, boys still outnumber girls in aviation and automotive schools, and girls still outnumber boys in fashion and nursing. The commonsense explanation is that sexes differ in their interests and propensities. But activists in groups such as the American Association of University Women and the National Women’s Law Center beg to differ.Read more at location 133
Note: 40 ANNI Edit
Marcia Greenberger, along with two activist lawyers, wrote a letterRead more at location 138
“The vocational programs offered at these schools correspond with outmoded and impermissible stereotypes on the basis of sex.” The letter noted that “even the names assigned to vocational high schools send strong signals to students that they are appropriate only for one sex or the other.”Read more at location 142
The educators at Aviation define equity as “equality of opportunity”—girls are just as welcome as boys. They were frankly baffled by the letters and threats and seemed to think it was just a misunderstanding. But the activists at the National Women’s Law Center, as well as the authors of the Blue School, Pink School report, believe that true equity means equality of participation.Read more at location 152
Boys and Girls in the ClassroomRead more at location 164
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feminist psychologist Carol Gilligan, a leader of the shortchanged-girl movement.Read more at location 184
Mary Pipher’s bleak tidings in her bestselling book, Reviving Ophelia: Saving the Selves of Adolescent Girls. According to Pipher, “Something dramatic happens to girls in early adolescence. . . . They crash and burn.”Read more at location 186
that the female advantage in school performance is real and persistent.”Read more at location 196
Thomas Snyder,Read more at location 197
“Female high school seniors tend to have higher educational aspirations than their male peers.”Read more at location 199
“Female high school seniors are more likely to participate in more after-school activitiesRead more at location 200
“Females have consistently outperformed males in reading and writing.”Read more at location 202
“Females are more likely than males to enroll in college.”Read more at location 204
“Women are more likely than men to persist and attain degrees.”Read more at location 205
Note: DROP OUT Edit
But Don’t Boys Test Better?Read more at location 230
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Fewer males than females take the SAT (46 percent of the test takers are male) and far more of the female test takers come from the “at risk” category—girls from lower-income homes or with parents who never graduated from high school or never attended college.Read more at location 234
There is another factor that skews test results. Nancy Cole, former president of the Educational Testing Service, calls it the “spread” phenomenon. Scores on almost any intelligence or achievement test are more widely distributed for boys than for girls—boys include more prodigies and more students of marginal ability. Or, as the late political scientist James Q. Wilson once put it, “There are more male geniuses and more male idiots.” The boys of marginal ability tend not to take the SAT,Read more at location 238
But what is hard to understand is why the math and science gap launched a massive movement on behalf of girls, and yet a much larger gap in reading, writing, and school engagement created no comparable effort for boys.Read more at location 252
Where Have all the Young Men Gone?Read more at location 262
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College admissions officers were baffled, concerned, and finally panicked over the dearth of male applicants. A new phrase entered the admissions office lexicon: “the tipping point”—the point at which the ratio of women to men reaches 60/40. According to insider lore, if male enrollment falls to 40 percent or below, females begin to flee. Officials at schools at or near the tipping point (American University, Boston University, Brandeis University, New York University, the University of Georgia, and the University of North Carolina, to name only a few) feared their campuses were becoming like retirement villages, with a surfeit of women competing for a tiny handful of surviving men.Read more at location 277
Note: 60/40 Edit
In the professional schools, once dominated by men, women were earning 57 percent of degrees in law, 62 percent in dentistry, 73 percent in optometry, 77 percent in pharmacy, and 82 percent in veterinary medicine.Read more at location 302
Note: FEM RULE Edit
The Empire Strikes BackRead more at location 310
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Linda Hallman,Read more at location 311
This powerful and influential organization saw the new focus on boys as part of an organized backlash against the gains of women.Read more at location 317
Note: AAUW. Edit
“More men are earning college degrees today in the United States than at any time in history.”42 Men have not fallen behind; it is simply that females “have made more rapid gains.”Read more at location 334
“Perhaps the most compelling evidence against the existence of a boys’ crisis is that men continue to outearn women in the workplace.”Read more at location 339
It is true that in absolute terms more boys were graduating from high school and going to college in 2005 than in the previous forty years. But that is because the population of college-age males was much larger in 2005 than in the previous forty years.Read more at location 355
As one AAUW author told the Washington Post, “If there is a crisis, it is with African American and Hispanic students and low-income students, girls and boys.”51 But here the AAUW obscures the fact that the gender gap favors girls across all ethnic, racial, and social lines. Young black women are twice as likely to go to college as black men;Read more at location 371
Note: RAZZA? Edit
The facts are incontrovertible: young women from poor neighborhoods in Boston, Los Angeles, or Washington, DC, do much better than the young men from those same neighborhoods.Read more at location 379
Kleinfeld found that 34 percent of Hispanic males with college-educated parents scored “below basic,” compared to 19 percent of Hispanic females.Read more at location 395
Note: LATINOS Edit
What Motivates the Women’s Lobby?Read more at location 398
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When they look at society as a whole, they see males winning all the prizes. Men still prevail in the highest echelons of power. Look at the number of male CEOs, full professors, political leaders. Or consider the wage gap.Read more at location 399
Note: VERTICI Edit
The “spread” phenomenonRead more at location 404
There are far more men than women at the extremes of success and failure. And failure is more common.Read more at location 405
Note: SPREAD Edit
More than one million Americans are classified by the Department of Labor as “discouraged workers.” These are workers who have stopped looking for jobs because they feel they have no prospects or lack the requisite skills and education. Nearly 60 percent are men—636,000 men and 433,000 women. Consider also that that more than 1.5 million (1,500,278) men are in prison. For women the figure is 113,462.Read more at location 407
“wage gap,”Read more at location 410
The 23-cent gender pay gap is simply the difference between the average earnings of all men and women working full-time.Read more at location 411
Note: WAGE GAP Edit
When mainstream economists consider the wage gap, they find that pay disparities are almost entirely the result of women’s different life preferences—what men and women choose to study in school, where they work, and how they balance their home and career.Read more at location 413
In addition to differences in education and training, the review found that women are more likely than men to leave the workforce to take care of children or older parents.Read more at location 417
“Female doctors are more likely to be pediatricians than higher-paid cardiologists. They are more likely to work part time. And even those working full time put in seven percent fewer hours a week than men. They are also much more likely to take extended leaves,Read more at location 425
Note: ES Edit
And as economists frequently remind us, if it were really true that an employer could get away with paying Jill less than Jack for the same work, clever entrepreneurs would fire all their male employees, replace them with females, and enjoy a huge market advantage.Read more at location 429
Women’s groups do occasionally acknowledgeRead more at location 431
they insist that women’s choices are not truly free.Read more at location 433
sexist stereotypes.Read more at location 434
“pink-collar”Read more at location 436
The women’s groups need to show—not dogmatically assert—that women’s choices are not free.Read more at location 440
Of course, these are weighty philosophical questions unlikely to be resolved anytime soon. But surely, one thing should be clear: ignoring boys’ educational deficits is not the solution to the wage and power gap.Read more at location 442
severe domestic ennui—“the problem that had no name.” Today the problem Friedan described hardly exists.Read more at location 455
The new problem with no name is the economic and social free fall of millions of young men.Read more at location 458
The Economic FalloutRead more at location 473
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The Growing Gender Gap in Our Nation’s Colleges: What Are the Implications?Read more at location 486
As jobs in manufacturing, construction, farming, and mining have disappeared and the United States has moved toward a knowledge-based economy, men have failed to adapt.Read more at location 501
Note: TESI Edit
In major cities across the United States, single women ages twenty-two to thirty with no children now earn 8 percent more than their male counterpartsRead more at location 508
Note: WAGE GAP Edit
The Women’s Lobby AgainRead more at location 531
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A Smoking Gun on How Our Schools Fail BoysRead more at location 579
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Boys score slightly better than girls on national math and science tests—yet their grades in those subjects are lower. They perform worse than girls on literacy tests—but their classroom grades are even lower than these test scores predict.Read more at location 581
Note: TEST E VOTI Edit
inadvertently solved the mysteryRead more at location 584
Teachers as early as kindergarten factor good behavior into grades—and girls, as a rule, comport themselves far better and are more amenable to classroom routines than boys.Read more at location 588
“We trace the misalignment of grades and test scores to differences between boys and girls in their non-cognitive development.” Non-cognitive skills include self-control, attentiveness, organization, and the ability to sit still for long periods of time. As most parents know, girls tend to develop these skills earlierRead more at location 590
At all stages studied, teachers’ assessments strongly favored the girls. Girls reap large academic benefits from good behaviorRead more at location 595
Note: TESI Edit
The researchers found that boys who possess social skills more commonly found in girls—those who are well-organized, well-behaved, and can sit still—are graded as well or better than girls. But such boys are rare.Read more at location 596
Some will say: too bad for the boys. If young boys are inattentive, obstreperous, and upsetting to their teachers, that’s their problem.Read more at location 604
If little boys are restive and unfocused, why not look for ways to help them improve? When we realized that girls, as a group, were languishing behind boys in math and science, we mounted a concerted national effort to give female students more support and encouragement, an effort that has met with significant success.Read more at location 608
Note: AIUTO Edit
The sad truth is that the educational deficits of boys may be one of the least-studied phenomena in American education. If Professor Cornwell and his colleagues are right, our educational system may be punishing boys for the circumstance of being boys. And it is a punishment that can last a lifetime.Read more at location 622